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Occupational health knowledge

Source:

Release time:2023-12-28 09:56


 

Classification of statutory occupational diseases

According to the list of occupational diseases revised on December 23, 2013, there are 132 kinds in 10 categories, with an increase of 17 kinds.

Including: 13 kinds of pneumoconiosis, 6 kinds of respiratory diseases, 9 kinds of occupational skin diseases, 3 kinds of occupational eye diseases, 4 kinds of occupational ear, nose and throat diseases, 60 kinds of occupational chemical poisoning, 7 kinds of occupational diseases caused by physical factors, 11 kinds of occupational radiation diseases, 5 kinds of occupational infectious diseases, 11 kinds of occupational tumors, and 3 kinds of other occupational diseases.

• The classification and catalogue of occupational diseases shall be formulated, adjusted and published by the health administrative department of the State Council in conjunction with the production safety supervision and administration department and the labor security administrative department of the State Council.

• Patients with statutory occupational diseases are entitled to specific compensatory treatment in accordance with the law.

• The size of the scope of statutory occupational diseases is not exactly the same in all countries of the world. Countries are determined mainly on the basis of their economic conditions, technical level and awareness of occupational diseases.

characteristics of occupational disease

Etiology is clear: the cause is occupational harmful factors, which can be eliminated or reduced after controlling the cause or condition of action.

Mass: exposure to the same occupational harmful factors in the population, often a certain number of cases, rarely individual patients.

Irreversibility: early detection, reasonable treatment, easier recovery, the later the discovery, the worse the effect, most occupational diseases currently lack very effective treatment.

Specificity: Most of the causes of exposure are detectable and need to reach a certain intensity (concentration or dose) to cause disease. Generally, there is a contact level (dose)-effect (response) relationship.

Occupational health laws and regulations attach importance to legislation from 1956, such as the "decision on the prevention of silica dust hazards in factories and mines" and other regulations on the prevention of silicosis, to the "regulations on the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis" in 1987, until the "occupational disease prevention and control law" promulgated in 2002, the system of occupational health laws and regulations was basically established.

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